985. Sum of Even Numbers After Queries

We have an array A of integers, and an array queries of queries.

For the i-th query val = queries[i][0], index = queries[i][1], we add val to A[index].  Then, the answer to the i-th query is the sum of the even values of A.

(Here, the givenindex = queries[i][1] is a 0-based index, and each query permanently modifies the array A.)

Return the answer to all queries.  Your answer array should have answer[i] as the answer to the i-th query.

Example 1:

Input: A = [1,2,3,4], queries = [[1,0],[-3,1],[-4,0],[2,3]]
Output: [8,6,2,4]
Explanation:
At the beginning, the array is [1,2,3,4].
After adding 1 to A[0], the array is [2,2,3,4], and the sum of even values is 2 + 2 + 4 = 8.
After adding -3 to A[1], the array is [2,-1,3,4], and the sum of even values is 2 + 4 = 6.
After adding -4 to A[0], the array is [-2,-1,3,4], and the sum of even values is -2 + 4 = 2.
After adding 2 to A[3], the array is [-2,-1,3,6], and the sum of even values is -2 + 6 = 4.

Note:

  1. 1 <= A.length <= 10000
  2. -10000 <= A[i] <= 10000
  3. 1 <= queries.length <= 10000
  4. -10000 <= queries[i][0] <= 10000
  5. 0 <= queries[i][1] < A.length

这道题给了一个数组A,说每次可以给数组某个位置上的数字加上一个值,每次操作后让返回当前数组中的偶数数之和。通过题目中的例子可以发现,加上的数字可能为负值,负偶数也是偶数。每次修改一个值后都要返回偶数之和,肯定不能每次都遍历一遍数组求偶数和,太不高效了,其实每次只修改了一个数字,这个数字对整个数组的偶数和的影响有限,可以分情况来讨论一下。假如修改之前,该数字就是偶数,修改后若变为奇数,则损失了原来的偶数值,若修改后还是偶数,则相当于先损失了原来的偶数,又加上了新的偶数。若修改之前,该数字是奇数,修改后若还是奇数,则什么也不影响,若修改后变为了偶数,则相当于加上了这个偶数。所以归纳起来就是,先判断修改前的数字,若是偶数,则减去这个偶数,再判断修改后的数字,若是偶数,则加上这个偶数。这样的话只要最开始遍历一遍数组,求出所有偶数之和,之后修改数字时只要按上面的步骤就可以快速获得偶数之和了,参见代码如下:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> sumEvenAfterQueries(vector<int>& A, vector<vector<int>>& queries) {
        vector<int> res;
        int n = A.size(), even = 0;
        for (int num : A) {
            if (num % 2 == 0) even += num;
        }
        for (auto &query : queries) {
            int old = A[query[1]], cur = old + query[0];
            if (old % 2 == 0) even -= old;
            if (cur % 2 == 0) even += cur;
            A[query[1]] = cur;
            res.push_back(even);
        }
        return res;
    }
};

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/985

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/sum-of-even-numbers-after-queries/

https://leetcode.com/problems/sum-of-even-numbers-after-queries/discuss/231098/C%2B%2B-O(n)-track-even-sum

https://leetcode.com/problems/sum-of-even-numbers-after-queries/discuss/231099/JavaPython-3-odd-even-analysis-time-O(max(m-n))

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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