565. Array Nesting

 

A zero-indexed array A of length N contains all integers from 0 to N-1. Find and return the longest length of set S, where S[i] = {A[i], A[A[i]], A[A[A[i]]], … } subjected to the rule below.

Suppose the first element in S starts with the selection of element A[i] of index = i, the next element in S should be A[A[i]], and then A[A[A[i]]]… By that analogy, we stop adding right before a duplicate element occurs in S.

 

Example 1:

Input: A = [5,4,0,3,1,6,2]
Output: 4
Explanation: 
A[0] = 5, A[1] = 4, A[2] = 0, A[3] = 3, A[4] = 1, A[5] = 6, A[6] = 2.

One of the longest S[K]:
S[0] = {A[0], A[5], A[6], A[2]} = {5, 6, 2, 0}

 

Note:

  1. N is an integer within the range [1, 20,000].
  2. The elements of A are all distinct.
  3. Each element of A is an integer within the range [0, N-1].

 

这道题让我们找嵌套数组的最大个数,给的数组总共有n个数字,范围均在 [0, n-1] 之间,题目中也把嵌套数组的生成解释的很清楚了,其实就是值变成坐标,得到的数值再变坐标。那么实际上当循环出现的时候,嵌套数组的长度也不能再增加了,而出现的这个相同的数一定是嵌套数组的首元素,博主刚开始没有想清楚这一点,以为出现重复数字的地方可能是嵌套数组中间的某个位置,于是用个 set 将生成的嵌套数组存入,然后每次查找新生成的数组是否已经存在。而且还以原数组中每个数字当作嵌套数组的起始数字都算一遍,结果当然是 TLE 了。其实对于遍历过的数字,我们不用再将其当作开头来计算了,而是只对于未遍历过的数字当作嵌套数组的开头数字,不过在进行嵌套运算的时候,并不考虑中间的数字是否已经访问过,而是只要找到和起始位置相同的数字位置,然后更新结果 res,参见代码如下:

 

解法一:

class Solution {
public:
    int arrayNesting(vector<int>& nums) {
        int n = nums.size(), res = INT_MIN;
        vector<bool> visited(n, false);
        for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); ++i) {
            if (visited[nums[i]]) continue;
            res = max(res, helper(nums, i, visited));
        }
        return res;
    }
    int helper(vector<int>& nums, int start, vector<bool>& visited) {
        int i = start, cnt = 0;
        while (cnt == 0 || i != start) {
            visited[i] = true;
            i = nums[i];
            ++cnt;
        }
        return cnt;
    }
};

 

下面这种方法写法上更简洁一些,思路完全一样,参见代码如下:

 

解法二:

class Solution {
public:
    int arrayNesting(vector<int>& nums) {
        int n = nums.size(), res = INT_MIN;
        vector<bool> visited(n, false);
        for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
            if (visited[nums[i]]) continue;
            int cnt = 0, j = i;
            while(cnt == 0 || j != i) {
                visited[j] = true;
                j = nums[j];
                ++cnt;
            }
            res = max(res, cnt);
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

下面这种解法是网友 @edyyy 提醒博主的,可以优化解法二的空间,我们并不需要专门的数组来记录数组是否被遍历过,而是在遍历的过程中,将其交换到其应该出现的位置上,因为如果某个数出现在正确的位置上,那么它一定无法组成嵌套数组,这样就相当于我们标记了其已经访问过了,思路确实很赞啊,参见代码如下:

 

解法三:

class Solution {
public:
    int arrayNesting(vector<int>& nums) {
        int n = nums.size(), res = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
            int cnt = 1;
            while (nums[i] != i) {
                swap(nums[i], nums[nums[i]]);
                ++cnt;
            }
            res = max(res, cnt);
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/565

 

类似题目:

Nested List Weight Sum II

Flatten Nested List Iterator 

Nested List Weight Sum

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/array-nesting/

https://leetcode.com/problems/array-nesting/discuss/102432/C%2B%2B-Java-Clean-Code-O(N)

https://leetcode.com/problems/array-nesting/discuss/232283/C%2B%2B-straightforward-solution-beats-100

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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