27. Remove Element

 

Given an array  nums  and a value  val , remove all instances of that value in-place and return the new length.

Do not allocate extra space for another array, you must do this by modifying the input array in-place with O(1) extra memory.

The order of elements can be changed. It doesn’t matter what you leave beyond the new length.

Example 1:

Given _nums_ = [3,2,2,3], _val_ = 3,

Your function should return length = 2, with the first two elements of _nums_ being 2.

It doesn't matter what you leave beyond the returned length.

Example 2:

Given _nums_ = [0,1,2,2,3,0,4,2], _val_ = 2,

Your function should return length = 5, with the first five elements of _nums_ containing 0, 1, 3, 0, and 4.

Note that the order of those five elements can be arbitrary.

It doesn't matter what values are set beyond the returned length.

Clarification:

Confused why the returned value is an integer but your answer is an array?

Note that the input array is passed in by reference, which means modification to the input array will be known to the caller as well.

Internally you can think of this:

// nums is passed in by reference. (i.e., without making a copy)
int len = removeElement(nums, val);

// any modification to nums in your function would be known by the caller.
// using the length returned by your function, it prints the first len elements.
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    print(nums[i]);
}

 

这道题让我们移除一个数组中和给定值相同的数字,并返回新的数组的长度。是一道比较容易的题,只需要一个变量用来计数,然后遍历原数组,如果当前的值和给定值不同,就把当前值覆盖计数变量的位置,并将计数变量加1。代码如下:

 

class Solution {
public:
    int removeElement(vector<int>& nums, int val) {
        int res = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); ++i) {
            if (nums[i] != val) nums[res++] = nums[i];
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/27

 

类似题目:

Remove Duplicates from Sorted Array

Remove Linked List Elements

Move Zeroes

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/remove-element/

https://leetcode.com/problems/remove-element/discuss/12286/Accepted-java-solution

https://leetcode.com/problems/remove-element/discuss/12289/My-solution-for-your-reference.

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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