411. Minimum Unique Word Abbreviation

 

A string such as "word" contains the following abbreviations:

["word", "1ord", "w1rd", "wo1d", "wor1", "2rd", "w2d", "wo2", "1o1d", "1or1", "w1r1", "1o2", "2r1", "3d", "w3", "4"]

Given a target string and a set of strings in a dictionary, find an abbreviation of this target string with the smallest possible  length such that it does not conflict with abbreviations of the strings in the dictionary.

Each number or letter in the abbreviation is considered length = 1. For example, the abbreviation “a32bc” has length = 4.

Note:

  • In the case of multiple answers as shown in the second example below, you may return any one of them.
  • Assume length of target string = m, and dictionary size = n. You may assume that m ≤ 21, n ≤ 1000, and log2(n) + m ≤ 20.

 

Examples:

"apple", ["blade"] -> "a4" (because "5" or "4e" conflicts with "blade")

"apple", ["plain", "amber", "blade"] -> "1p3" (other valid answers include "ap3", "a3e", "2p2", "3le", "3l1").

 

这道题实际上是之前那两道Valid Word AbbreviationGeneralized Abbreviation的合体,我们的思路其实很简单,首先找出target的所有的单词缩写的形式,然后按照长度来排序,小的排前面,我们用优先队列来自动排序,里面存一个pair,保存单词缩写及其长度,然后我们从最短的单词缩写开始,跟dictionary中所有的单词一一进行验证,利用Valid Word Abbreviation中的方法,看其是否是合法的单词的缩写,如果是,说明有冲突,直接break,进行下一个单词缩写的验证,参见代码如下:

 

class Solution {
public:
    string minAbbreviation(string target, vector<string>& dictionary) {
        if (dictionary.empty()) return to_string((int)target.size());
        priority_queue<pair<int, string>, vector<pair<int, string>>, greater<pair<int, string>>> q;
        q = generate(target);
        while (!q.empty()) {
            auto t = q.top(); q.pop();
            bool no_conflict = true;
            for (string word : dictionary) {
                if (valid(word, t.second)) {
                    no_conflict = false;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (no_conflict) return t.second;
        }
        return "";
    }
    priority_queue<pair<int, string>, vector<pair<int, string>>, greater<pair<int, string>>> generate(string target) {
        priority_queue<pair<int, string>, vector<pair<int, string>>, greater<pair<int, string>>> res;
        for (int i = 0; i < pow(2, target.size()); ++i) {
            string out = "";
            int cnt = 0, size = 0;
            for (int j = 0; j < target.size(); ++j) {
                if ((i >> j) & 1) ++cnt;
                else {
                    if (cnt != 0) {
                        out += to_string(cnt);
                        cnt = 0;
                        ++size;
                    }
                    out += target[j];
                    ++size;
                }
            }
            if (cnt > 0) {
                out += to_string(cnt);
                ++size;
            }
            res.push({size, out});
        }
        return res;
    }
    bool valid(string word, string abbr) {
        int m = word.size(), n = abbr.size(), p = 0, cnt = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < abbr.size(); ++i) {
            if (abbr[i] >= '0' && abbr[i] <= '9') {
                if (cnt == 0 && abbr[i] == '0') return false;
                cnt = 10 * cnt + abbr[i] - '0';
            } else {
                p += cnt;
                if (p >= m || word[p++] != abbr[i]) return false;
                cnt = 0;
            }
        }
        return p + cnt == m;
    }
};

 

类似题目:

Valid Word Abbreviation

Generalized Abbreviation

Unique Word Abbreviation

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/minimum-unique-word-abbreviation/

https://discuss.leetcode.com/topic/61457/c-bit-manipulation-dfs-solution

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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