830. Positions of Large Groups

 

In a string S of lowercase letters, these letters form consecutive groups of the same character.

For example, a string like S = "abbxxxxzyy" has the groups "a""bb""xxxx""z" and "yy".

Call a group  large  if it has 3 or more characters.  We would like the starting and ending positions of every large group.

The final answer should be in lexicographic order.

 

Example 1:

Input: "abbxxxxzzy"
Output: [[3,6]]
Explanation: "xxxx" is the single large group with starting  3 and ending positions 6.

Example 2:

Input: "abc"
Output: []
Explanation: We have "a","b" and "c" but no large group.

Example 3:

Input: "abcdddeeeeaabbbcd"
Output: [[3,5],[6,9],[12,14]]

 

Note:  1 <= S.length <= 1000

 

这道题给了我们一个全小写的字符串,说是重复出现的字符可以当作一个群组,如果重复次数大于等于3次,可以当作一个大群组,让我们找出所有大群组的起始和结束位置。那么实际上就是让我们计数连续重复字符的出现次数,由于要连续,所以我们可以使用双指针来做,一个指针指向重复部分的开头,一个往后遍历计数,只要不相同了就停止,然后看次数是否大于等3,是的话就将双指针位置存入结果res中,并更新指针,参见代码如下:

 

解法一:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<vector<int>> largeGroupPositions(string S) {
        vector<vector<int>> res;
        int n = S.size(), i = 0, j = 0;
        while (j < n) {
            while (j < n && S[j] == S[i]) ++j;
            if (j - i >= 3) res.push_back({i, j - 1});
            i = j;
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

我们也可以换一种写法,不用while循环,而是使用for循环,但本质上还是双指针的思路,并没有什么太大的区别,参见代码如下:

 

解法二:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<vector<int>> largeGroupPositions(string S) {
        vector<vector<int>> res;
        int n = S.size(), start = 0;
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; ++i) {
            if (i < n && S[i] == S[start]) continue;
            if (i - start >= 3) res.push_back({start, i - 1});
            start = i;
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/positions-of-large-groups/

https://leetcode.com/problems/positions-of-large-groups/discuss/128961/Java-Solution-Two-Pointers

https://leetcode.com/problems/positions-of-large-groups/discuss/128942/My-Easy-7-Lines-C%2B%2B-Solution

 

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