# 1093. Statistics from a Large Sample

You are given a large sample of integers in the range [0, 255]. Since the sample is so large, it is represented by an array count where count[k] is the number of times that k appears in the sample.

Calculate the following statistics:

• minimum: The minimum element in the sample.
• maximum: The maximum element in the sample.
• mean: The average of the sample, calculated as the total sum of all elements divided by the total number of elements.
• median:
• If the sample has an odd number of elements, then the median is the middle element once the sample is sorted.
• If the sample has an even number of elements, then the median is the average of the two middle elements once the sample is sorted.
• mode: The number that appears the most in the sample. It is guaranteed to be unique.

Return  the statistics of the sample as an array of floating-point numbers [minimum, maximum, mean, median, mode]. Answers within  10-5  of the actual answer will be accepted.

Example 1:

Input: count = [0,1,3,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]
Output: [1.00000,3.00000,2.37500,2.50000,3.00000]
Explanation: The sample represented by count is [1,2,2,2,3,3,3,3].
The minimum and maximum are 1 and 3 respectively.
The mean is (1+2+2+2+3+3+3+3) / 8 = 19 / 8 = 2.375.
Since the size of the sample is even, the median is the average of the two middle elements 2 and 3, which is 2.5.
The mode is 3 as it appears the most in the sample.

Example 2:

Input: count = [0,4,3,2,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0]
Output: [1.00000,4.00000,2.18182,2.00000,1.00000]
Explanation: The sample represented by count is [1,1,1,1,2,2,2,3,3,4,4].
The minimum and maximum are 1 and 4 respectively.
The mean is (1+1+1+1+2+2+2+3+3+4+4) / 11 = 24 / 11 = 2.18181818... (for display purposes, the output shows the rounded number 2.18182).
Since the size of the sample is odd, the median is the middle element 2.
The mode is 1 as it appears the most in the sample.

Constraints:

• count.length == 256
• 0 <= count[i] <= 109
• 1 <= sum(count) <= 109
• The mode of the sample that count represents is unique.

class Solution {
public:
vector<double> sampleStats(vector<int>& count) {
double mn = 256, mx = 0, mean = 0, median = 0, sum = 0;
int cnt = 0, mode = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < count.size(); ++i) {
if (count[i] == 0) continue;
if (mn == 256) mn = i;
mx = i;
sum += (double)i * count[i];
cnt += count[i];
if (count[i] > count[mode]) mode = i;
}
mean = sum / cnt;
int first = (cnt + 1) / 2, second = (cnt + 2) / 2, cur = 0;
for (int i = 0; i < count.size(); ++i) {
if (cur < first && cur + count[i] >= first) median += i / 2.0;
if (cur < second && cur + count[i] >= second) median += i / 2.0;
cur += count[i];
}
return {mn, mx, sum / cnt, median, (double)mode};
}
};

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/1093

https://leetcode.com/problems/statistics-from-a-large-sample/

https://leetcode.com/problems/statistics-from-a-large-sample/discuss/317626/Python-Solution