66. Plus One

 

Given a non-empty array of decimal digits representing a non-negative integer, increment one to the integer.

The digits are stored such that the most significant digit is at the head of the list, and each element in the array contains a single digit.

You may assume the integer does not contain any leading zero, except the number 0 itself.

 

Example 1:

Input: digits = [1,2,3]
Output: [1,2,4]
Explanation: The array represents the integer 123.

Example 2:

Input: digits = [4,3,2,1]
Output: [4,3,2,2]
Explanation: The array represents the integer 4321.

Example 3:

Input: digits = [0]
Output: [1]

 

Constraints:

  • 1 <= digits.length <= 100
  • 0 <= digits[i] <= 9

 

将一个数字的每个位上的数字分别存到一个一维向量中,最高位在最开头,我们需要给这个数字加一,即在末尾数字加一,如果末尾数字是9,那么则会有进位问题,而如果前面位上的数字仍为9,则需要继续向前进位。具体算法如下:首先判断最后一位是否为9,若不是,直接加一返回,若是,则该位赋0,再继续查前一位,同样的方法,知道查完第一位。如果第一位原本为9,加一后会产生新的一位,那么最后要做的是,查运算完的第一位是否为0,如果是,则在最前头加一个1。代码如下:

 

C++ 解法一:

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> plusOne(vector<int> &digits) {
        int n = digits.size();
        for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            if (digits[i] == 9) digits[i] = 0;
            else {
                digits[i] += 1;
                return digits;
            }
        }
        if (digits.front() == 0) digits.insert(digits.begin(), 1);
        return digits;
    }
};

 

Java 解法一:

public class Solution {
    public int[] plusOne(int[] digits) {
        int n = digits.length;
        for (int i = digits.length - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            if (digits[i] < 9) {
                ++digits[i];
                return digits;
            }
            digits[i] = 0;
        }
        int[] res = new int[n + 1];
        res[0] = 1;
        return res;
    }
}

 

我们也可以使用跟之前那道 Add Binary 类似的做法,将 carry 初始化为1,然后相当于 digits 加了一个0,处理方法跟之前那道题一样,参见代码如下:

 

C++ 解法二 :

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> plusOne(vector<int>& digits) {
        if (digits.empty()) return digits;
        int carry = 1, n = digits.size();
        for (int i = n - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            if (carry == 0) return digits;
            int sum = digits[i] + carry;
            digits[i] = sum % 10;
            carry = sum / 10;
        }
        if (carry == 1) digits.insert(digits.begin(), 1);
        return digits;
    }
};

 

Java 解法二 :

public class Solution {
    public int[] plusOne(int[] digits) {
        if (digits.length == 0) return digits;
        int carry = 1, n = digits.length;
        for (int i = digits.length - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            if (carry == 0) return digits;
            int sum = digits[i] + carry;
            digits[i] = sum % 10;
            carry = sum / 10;
        }
        int[] res = new int[n + 1];
        res[0] = 1;
        return carry == 0 ? digits : res;
    }
}

 

Github 同步地址:

https://github.com/grandyang/leetcode/issues/66

 

类似题目:

Add Binary

Multiply Strings

Plus One Linked List

Add to Array-Form of Integer

 

参考资料:

https://leetcode.com/problems/plus-one/

https://leetcode.com/problems/plus-one/discuss/24082/my-simple-java-solution

https://leetcode.com/problems/plus-one/discuss/24084/Is-it-a-simple-code(C%2B%2B)

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)

 


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