199. Binary Tree Right Side View

 

Given a binary tree, imagine yourself standing on the  right  side of it, return the values of the nodes you can see ordered from top to bottom.

For example:
Given the following binary tree,

   1            <---
 /   \
2     3         <---
 \     \
  5     4       <---

 

You should return [1, 3, 4].

Credits:
Special thanks to @amrsaqr for adding this problem and creating all test cases.

 

这道题要求我们打印出二叉树每一行最右边的一个数字,实际上是求二叉树层序遍历的一种变形,我们只需要保存每一层最右边的数字即可,可以参考我之前的博客 Binary Tree Level Order Traversal 二叉树层序遍历,这道题只要在之前那道题上稍加修改即可得到结果,还是需要用到数据结构队列queue,遍历每层的节点时,把下一层的节点都存入到queue中,每当开始新一层节点的遍历之前,先把新一层最后一个节点值存到结果中,代码如下:

 

/**
 * Definition for binary tree
 * struct TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode *left;
 *     TreeNode *right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) : val(x), left(NULL), right(NULL) {}
 * };
 */
class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> rightSideView(TreeNode *root) {
        vector<int> res;
        if (!root) return res;
        queue<TreeNode*> q;
        q.push(root);
        while (!q.empty()) {
            res.push_back(q.back()->val);
            int size = q.size();
            for (int i = 0; i < size; ++i) {
                TreeNode *node = q.front();
                q.pop();
                if (node->left) q.push(node->left);
                if (node->right) q.push(node->right);
            }
        }
        return res;
    }
};

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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