328. Odd Even Linked List

 

Given a singly linked list, group all odd nodes together followed by the even nodes. Please note here we are talking about the node number and not the value in the nodes.

You should try to do it in place. The program should run in O(1) space complexity and O(nodes) time complexity.

 

Example:
Given 1->2->3->4->5->NULL,
return 1->3->5->2->4->NULL.

Note:
The relative order inside both the even and odd groups should remain as it was in the input. 
The first node is considered odd, the second node even and so on …

Credits:
Special thanks to @aadarshjajodia for adding this problem and creating all test cases.

 

这道题给了我们一个链表,让我们分开奇偶节点,所有奇节点在前,偶节点在后。我们可以使用两个指针来做,pre指向奇节点,cur指向偶节点,然后把偶节点cur后面的那个奇节点提前到pre的后面,然后pre和cur各自前进一步,此时cur又指向偶节点,pre指向当前奇节点的末尾,以此类推直至把所有的偶节点都提前了即可,参见代码如下:

 

解法一:

class Solution {
public:
    ListNode* oddEvenList(ListNode* head) {
        if (!head || !head->next) return head;
        ListNode *pre = head, *cur = head->next;
        while (cur && cur->next) {
            ListNode *tmp = pre->next;
            pre->next = cur->next;
            cur->next = cur->next->next;
            pre->next->next = tmp;
            cur = cur->next;
            pre = pre->next;
        }
        return head;
    }
};

 

还有一种解法,用两个奇偶指针分别指向奇偶节点的起始位置,另外需要一个单独的指针even_head来保存偶节点的起点位置,然后把奇节点的指向偶节点的下一个(一定是奇节点),此奇节点后移一步,再把偶节点指向下一个奇节点的下一个(一定是偶节点),此偶节点后移一步,以此类推直至末尾,此时把分开的偶节点的链表连在奇节点的链表后即可,参见代码如下;

 

解法二:

class Solution {
public:
    ListNode* oddEvenList(ListNode* head) {
        if (!head || !head->next) return head;
        ListNode *odd = head, *even = head->next, *even_head = even;
        while (even && even->next) {
            odd = odd->next = even->next;
            even = even->next = odd->next;
        }
        odd->next = even_head;
        return head;
    }
};

 

LeetCode All in One 题目讲解汇总(持续更新中…)


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